First Conspiracy Attempt
The first coup attempt was the result of long protests at the end of 2018. At the same time, rising living costs and poor economic conditions forced local residents onto the streets. Already in January 2019, the protesters began to demand the resignation of the country’s President Omar al-Bashir, because of which he declared a state of emergency and tried to make a series of changes in power, which did not improve the situation.
On the morning of April 11, the Sudanese military took control of the presidential palace, radio and television, and placed al-Bashir under house arrest. The Cabinet and National Assembly were dissolved, and Defense Minister Ahmad Awad Ibn Auf declared himself head of state and suspended Sudan’s constitution. As noted by local mass media, political prisoners and leaders of the struggle against al-Bashir were released from prison.
The very next day, Omar Zine al-Abidine, head of the Political Committee of the Military Council, announced that al-Bashir would be tried in the country and that there was no intention of handing him over to the International Criminal Court.
Omar Bashir is still under arrest. At the same time, Sudan’s Interim Military Council was established in the country, whose task was to create conditions for the transition to normal functioning of the country. After the resignation of Vice President Ahmad Awad Ibn Auf the day after the coup (April 12), the head of the council became Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, the inspector of the country’s armed forces.
A second coup attempt
In the fall of 2021, a new conspiracy took place. The military arrested members of the interim civilian government, including the prime minister, and declared a state of emergency in the country.
The head of Sudan’s Sovereignty Council, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, said he was forced to take such measures because of conflict between various politicians and calls for violence. At the same time, he promised that the country would continue to abide by international agreements and return to civilian rule after some time.
According to a statement from the Ministry of Information, tens of thousands of people demonstrated against the military’s seizure of power. Gunfire rang out near the building in Khartoum where the military headquarters is based.
Due to domestic and international opposition, in October, Al-Burhan announced his willingness to restore the office of Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok. Although the latter initially rejected the offer, the parties signed an agreement in November 2021 that returned Hamdok to his post and freed political prisoners.
At the same time, there were those who were dissatisfied with the agreement. The groups Forces for Freedom and Change and the Union of Sudanese Professionals rejected the deal and refused further power sharing with the military.
A third attempted coup
At least three people have already been killed in clashes between the army and emergency forces in Sudan’s capital Khartoum today amid tensions over a transition to civilian rule.
Separate media reports of dozens injured, while explosions and gunfire rang out in the streets of the capital.
Rapid response forces announced that they had captured the international airport in Khartoum and the air port in Mero. The army, for its part, launched an airstrike on the headquarters of special forces in the capital, according to the latest data.
What started it all?
Due to the planned transition to civilian rule, the Rapid Force was integrated into the country’s armed forces. At the same time, the generals could not come to an agreement on the time frame for this to take place. theirs The conflict turned into an armed struggle.
The military, for its part, is subordinate to the military government led by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and the rapid reaction force of Vice President General Mohamed Hamdan Tagalo.
Why is “Wagner” PVK here?
As written Africa Report, the rapid response forces cooperate with the Russian PVK “Wagner”. They have a joint venture called Meroe Gold to mine minerals including gold. Their cooperation helped increase Russia’s central bank’s gold reserves needed to finance the invasion of Ukraine.